Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Developing Sustainable Water Resource Management: A Case Study of the Prasae Reservoir in Rayong Province, Eastern Thailand Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/vt150r95d

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  • Water is an essential natural resource for human survival and plays an important role in food, manufacturing, and energy systems, as well as in ecosystem maintenance. The rapid increase in global water demand is due to economic and social development competition. At the same time, water availability and access to clean and safe water sources remain limited. In addition, climate change affects the variability of rainfall and water resources. This has resulted in water conflicts and water shortages which are becoming the most pressing issues that must be addressed. The purpose of this study is to examine an in-depth study of water resource management drawing on the case of the Prasae Reservoir in Rayong Province. This study will collect data from in-depth interviews on the question of what is the optimal, just, and sustainable method for managing available and excess water of the Prasae Reservoir, considering balancing the needs to allocate water efficiently, maximize the benefits to society, and, thereby, create fairness between water users. The existing water resources management practices and guidelines will be analyzed and assessed the possibilities of implementing new strategies in water resource management. Appropriate technology will be considered in water management to increase the capacity and efficiency of water management. The participation of interested persons relevant to water resource consumption is emphasized to create sustainable water management. The results revealed that there are several challenges to the Prasae Reservoir water management policies and plans. Water management cannot be considered only for the Prasae River Sub-basin due to the linkage of the diversion pipe system and water diversion system between the Prasae and its vicinity sub-basins. The remaining water in the Prasae Reservoir can be diverted to the other water resources or received water from vicinity Sub-basins based on rules, regulations, and conditions that are acceptable to all parties to alleviate water shortages. Demand- and supply-side management along with appropriate technology are analyzed to meet growing water demand and improve water management efficiency with the aim of achieving sustainability and fairness for all sectors. Public participation and a negotiating process between management and water users are the keys to reducing the water conflict efficiently and effectively, better than regulation or the law. It is concluded that the findings provide insights into the development of strategic policies to address the current and future water challenges of the Prasae Reservoir.
  • Keywords: sustainable water management, fairness, excess water, water diversion, the Prasae Reservoir, water shortage
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