Selected aspects of contraceptive behavior in sexually active college students Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/w0892d828

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  • The purpose of this study was to explore the association between sex-role orientation and contraceptive behavior in an unmarried population. One hundred and twentyeight sexually active unmarried college students comprised the sample. The test instrument was made up of the Sex- Role Stereotypic Questionnaire developed by Rosenkrantz, Vogel, Bee, Broverman, and Broverman (1968) and the Biographic Questionnaire designed by the author. Data analysis fell into two categories: descriptive and statistical. In preparation for the statistical analysis subjects were classified according to each of four variables: (1) personal sex-role orientation, (2) orientation toward education for women, (3) orientation toward out-of-home careers for women, and (4) contraceptive behavior. Chi-square contingency computations failed to show any significant association between the first three variables and contraceptive behavior. Additional associations were explored and the following were found to be significant at the .10 level or below: (1) the heterosexual relationship in which intercourse last occurred and the frequency of intercourse, (2) the frequency of intercourse and use of the pill as a contraceptive, and (3) experience with impregnation and use of low-risk contraception. Interpretation of the data was made in the context of the reward-alternatives model which states that an individual will attempt to move toward the alternative in his perceptual field which he believes will be most rewarding. Two possible interpretations were presented. First, that sex-role orientation was not an intervening variable which determined the alternative which is most rewarding with regard to contraceptive behavior. It was suggested that the negative consequences of nonmarital pregnancy were viewed with equal distaste and seen as equally avoidable by those of differing sex-role orientations. The second interpretation was that sex-role orientation did relate to contraceptive behavior, but that characteristics of the sample and the test instrument obscured the results. Suggestions for future studies included: (1) using pair-patterns of sex-role orientation, (2) instituting a longitudinal study, (3) focusing on psychological variables, (4) attempting to assess the validity of the test instrument, (5) obtaining a random sample of sexually active unmarried subjects, and (6) further assessing the relationships among the heterosexual relationship in which intercourse occurs, intercourse frequency, and contraceptive behavior.
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