A motivational typology of reentry women Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/w0892f24k

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  • The major purpose of this study was to examine relationships among biographical characteristics, psychological characteristics, motives for returning to school, and the need for student support services among Reentry Women. Primary objectives were to: (1) examine biographical and psychological characteristics of Reentry Women to determine if significant relationships existed among the variables; (2) replicate Maslin's (1978) study of Reentry Women; (3) determine whether motives for returning to higher education among Reentry Women could be grouped into patterns and if Reentry Women could be grouped into motive-types; (4) determine if significant relationships existed between: motive-types and biographical characteristics, motive-types and sex-typedness, or motive-types and attitudes toward women's role in society; (5) assess use of student support services by Reentry Women and satisfaction with services received; (6) determine if significant differences existed between community college and university Reentry Women with respect to biographical characteristics, psychological characteristics, motives or evaluation of student support services; and (7) utilize research findings to develop recommendations for student services personnel in community colleges and universities. One hundred undergraduate women over twenty-five, who had returned to higher education seeking a degree or certificate, comprised the sample. A four-part comprehensive questionnaire which included the Continuing Education Women Motives Questionnaire, Personal Attributes Questionnaire, Feminism II Scale, and Personal Background Questionnaire was administered to subjects during scheduled times on campus or at a time and place convenient for the subject. Statistical methods utilized to test research hypotheses included chi square, t-test, factor analysis and typal analysis. Relationships significant at the .05 level of confidence were found between: (1) biographical characteristics and attitude toward women's role in society; (2) biographical characteristics and sex-typedness; and (3) biographical characteristics and motive-types. Significant differences in biographical characteristics and attitude toward women's role in society were found between university and community college Reentry Women. Recommendations for further research and for targeting student support services were made. A recommendation that a research center be established to examine the long-term impact of education upon wo men and society was also suggested.
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