Employment experience and job satisfaction of new mothers Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/w3763b937

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  • In spite of the high family demands associated with having an infant, an increasing number of women are choosing to retain close ties to the labor force during this period. This study explored the employment adjustments and job satisfaction of a group of women who became mothers for the first time. The data for this study were taken from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. Thirty-one married women who had their first child between the 1981 and1982 interviews and were employed during both the 1980 and 1982 interviews were the focus of analysis. A pre-post design was utilized to identify changes in employment characteristics and job satisfaction following childbirth. Two additional groups of women; childless women (n=171) and women with at least two children (n=62) were included in the analysis for comparison purposes. Strategies for managing the new responsibilities of parenthood included decreasing hours worked on the job and changing the shift worked. Few other changes were observed in the comparison of pre-pregnancy job characteristics with post-childbirth job characteristics. No change in job satisfaction was found. This stability may be due the fact that 65 percent of new mothers were attached to one employer during this two year period. Additional analysis revealed that 91 percent of new mothers had only one employer during the year they gave birth. Thus, it appears from these data that the ability to return to the same employer following childbirth may be pivotal in women's decision to return quickly to the labor force. Correlation and stepwise regression analysis were utilized to identify factors related to 1982 level of job satisfaction and 1980-82 changes in job satisfaction. In general, both static job satisfaction and change in job satisfaction were more strongly related to job characteristics than personal and family characteristics. Stepwise regression analysis provided a six-variable model, accounting for 44 percent of the variance in the static measure of job satisfaction and a ten-variable model, accounting for 37 percent of the variance in change in job satisfaction.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-06-25T18:39:40Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 WolfeJerriL1987.pdf: 1599121 bytes, checksum: c77eeb6df322fa72e0df30923b195678 (MD5)
  • 1987
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-06-25T18:39:40Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 WolfeJerriL1987.pdf: 1599121 bytes, checksum: c77eeb6df322fa72e0df30923b195678 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1987-02-16
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-06-10T17:56:33Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 WolfeJerriL1987.pdf: 1599121 bytes, checksum: c77eeb6df322fa72e0df30923b195678 (MD5)

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