Alcohol use, knowledge and attitudes among freshman women Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/w6634642s

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  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of alcohol on freshman women during the critical transition into college. Specifically, the study focused on differences in knowledge of alcohol facts and attitudes toward use of alcohol among freshman women prior to college. Further, the study focused on changes in use of alcohol, knowledge of alcohol facts, and attitude toward use of alcohol among freshman women during their initial term of college. To provide background, demographic characteristics based on level of alcohol use were compiled. The subjects in this study were 132 entering freshman women attending Oregon State University in fall 1979. The data used in testing the hypotheses under investigation were collected during summer 1979 and during the first weeks of winter term 1980. Alcohol use and alcohol use group classification were determined by a Quantity-Frequency instrument. The Student Alcohol Questionnaire measured the subjects' knowledge of alcohol facts. The attitude instrument measured attitude toward intemperate (excessive) use of alcohol. The hypotheses developed to test initial differences in knowledge of alcohol facts and attitude toward use of alcohol were tested utilizing the analysis of variance. Where significance was indicated, further analysis was conducted with the Student-Newman-Keuls procedure to determine specific initial differences among alcohol use groups. Paired t-tests were utilized to analyze changes in use of alcohol, knowledge of alcohol facts, and attitudes toward alcohol use for the total sample and individual use groups. The .05 level of significance was required for all tests. The results of the study indicated: 1. There were no significant differences in knowledge of facts about alcohol among entering freshman women based on their level of alcohol use. 2. There were significant differences in attitude toward the use of alcohol among the entering freshman women. a. The abstaining group of freshman women were significantly the least tolerant of intemperate use of alchol by themselves and others. b. The infrequent drinking group of freshman women supported intemperate drinking by themselves and others to a significantly greater extent than the abstaining group. c. The infrequent drinking group of freshman women were significantly less tolerant of intemperate use of alcohol by themselves and others than the light, moderate and heavy drinking freshman women. d. The light, moderate and heavy drinking freshman women's attitudes toward intemperate use of alcohol were not significantly different from each other. e. The light, moderate and heavy drinking groups of freshman women endorsed intemperate drinking by themselves and others to a significantly greater extent than the abstaining and infrequent drinking groups of freshman women. 3. There was a significant increase in the use of alcohol among the freshman women at the end of their first term of college. 4. There was a significant increase in knowledge of alcohol facts among the freshman women at the end of their first term of college. a. There was a significant increase in knowledge of alcohol facts among the light, moderate and heavy drinking freshman women at the end of their first term of college. b. There was no significant change in knowledge of alcohol facts among the abstaining and infrequent drinking freshman women. 5 There was a significant increase in tolerant attitudes toward use of alcohol among the freshman women at the end of their first term of college. a. There were significant increases in favorable attitude toward intemperate use of alcohol among infrequent and light drinking freshman women at the end of their first term of college. b. There were no significant changes in attitude toward intemperate use of alcohol among abstaining, moderate and heavy drinking freshman women at the end of their first term of college.
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