Continuous seismic profiling investigation of the southern Oregon continental shelf between Cape Blanco and Coos Bay Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/wd376023b

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  • A structure map was constructed of the continental shelf between Cape Blanco and Coos Bay, Oregon, exclusively from an interpretation of approximately 700 km of continuous seismic profiles. At least ten discernible seismic units were mapped on the bases of acoustic appearance, lateral continuity, angular unconformities, and faults. The offshore units tentatively were correlated with onshore geology and are believed to range in age from the latest Jurassic to late Pleistocene. The sparker profiles reveal that the continental shelf off southern Oregon has experienced significant late Tertiary and Quaternary accretion due to deposition and tectonic uplift. The oldest rock exposures, believed to be the latest Jurassic in age, crop out on the inner continental shelf on the topographic highs off Cape Blanco and Coquille Point. Erosional remnants of probable Late Cretaceous turbidites and the middle Eocene sandstone beds also are exposed on the bathymetric high on the inner shelf southwest of Cape Arago. The initial emplacement of these three uplifted structural blocks is probably a result of late Eocene wrench faulting of the Port Orford shear zone and of the postulated shear zone at Coquille Point. No other early Tertiary sediments apparently are exposed on this portion of the Oregon continental shelf, but they probably extend seaward at depth on the continental margin. Middle Tertiary strata are believed to be exposed on the outer shelf topographic high southwest of Cape Arago. Sediments of Miocene to Pliocene age were deposited throughout much of the continental shelf that was surveyed. The greatest amount of deposition occurred in a north-south trending basin between Cape Blanco and Coquille Bank. Late to post-Pliocene tectonism uplifted and exposed the older underlying rocks on the inner shelf, which are probably of uppermost Jurassic to middle Tertiary age. These same stresses also deformed the Mio-Pliocene sediments into gently undulating structures on the inner shelf. The greatest deformation occurred on the outer shelf and formed Coquille Bank, a north-south trending, doubly plunging, asymmetrical anticline. The terraces or benches on the upper continental slope to the north and south of the Bank are structural features resulting from the doubly plunging anticline. Eustatic sea level lowerings during the Pleistocene truncated the shelf structures as deep as 130 m below present sea level. The detritus was deposited as a wedge of sediments, which forms an unconformable contact with the underlying strata on the outer shelf and upper slope between Coos Bay and Coquille Bank. In areas of deposition there is no distinct break between the shelf and the upper slope; the former merely merges into the latter in a continuous convex curve. In areas of nondeposition, the edge of the shelf is an erosional and structural feature. A possible buried channel was detected northwest of the mouth of the Coquille River. This sediment filled channel is believed to be an erosional remnant of a former course of the Coquille River during a lower stand of sea level.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-05-30T16:17:55Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 MackayAngusJames1969.pdf: 13790431 bytes, checksum: 14e8d37c4c43a19f44e42e172e373280 (MD5)
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-05-11T20:17:32Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 MackayAngusJames1969.pdf: 13790431 bytes, checksum: 14e8d37c4c43a19f44e42e172e373280 (MD5)
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