Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation

 

Regulation of inositol phospholipid hydrolysis by extended treatment with angiotensin II in human aortic smooth muscle cells Public Deposited

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  • Long-term stimuli of many systems leads to decreased cellular responsiveness, or desensitization. We characterized the desensitization of angiotensin II (Ang 11)-mediated inositol phospholipid (IP) hydrolysis in cultured human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMC). Although it has been suggested that the desensitization induced by long-term Mg II exposure may result partially from down-regulation of Ang II receptor, this is not sufficient to explain fully desensitization in many systems. Post-receptor desensitization of IP hydrolysis may also result from phosphorylation or changes in protein levels of the effector enzyme, PLC-β. We identified the major PLC-β isoenzymes expressed by HASMC as PLC-β1 and PLC-β3. Ang II pretreatment reduced IP accumulation induced by Ang II (1μM) in a time-dependent manner. Phorbol ester-12-myristrate-13-acetate (PMA), a protein kinase C (PKC) activator, also reduced Ang II-stimulated IP accumulation. These results suggest that PKC activation may negatively regulate Ang II-stimulated IP signaling in HASMC, similar to rat cells. In addition, PKC also reduced IP accumulation stimulated by A1F₄⁻, directly activating the G protein. It suggests that the majority of PKC-induced desensitization of Ang II-stimulated IP signaling occurs downstream of the Ang II receptor in HASMC. However, both PLC-β1 and PLC-β3, expected candidates for PKC phosphorylation, were phosphorylated independently of PKC activation or inhibition, indicating that PKC might not be involved in direct phosphorylation of PLC-β1 and PLC-β3. Furthermore, PLC-β1, but not PLC-β3, was highly phosphorylated under basal conditions, suggesting that PLC-β1 and PLC-β3 may play different roles in IP signaling in HASMC.
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