Design and testing of intrustive conductivity probes for the measurement of two-phase flow parameters Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/wm117r293

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  • This thesis examines two techniques for measuring two-phase flow parameters in an air/water system using intrusive conductivity probes. Specifically, the theoretical derivation for measuring void fraction and interfacial area using a two-sensor needle-type probe is derived, and a statistical analysis of the accuracy using the two-sensor probe for measuring interfacial area will be determined from a comprehensive literature review. The second technique used to measure void fraction in air/water flows is with a half-ring type conductivity probe. This half-ring type probe measures an area-averaged void fraction, while the needle-type probe measures local two-phase parameters. A single-sensor needle-type probe is used to experimentally measure void fraction in a test section, and is then benchmarked with another instrument as well as the drift-flux model. The half-ring type probe is then cross-calibrated with the needle-type probe. A complete system for measurement of local void fraction in an air/water two-phase mixture using two measurement techniques is presented. A detailed design procedure for a single-sensor conductivity probe as well as a half-ring type probe, and the corresponding circuits to power them are discussed. The two techniques discussed are accurate, simple, reliable, and inexpensive.
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