Descriptive analysis of human remains from the Fuller and Fanning Mounds, Yamhill River, Willamette Valley, Oregon Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/wp988p900

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  • The study presents the results of a descriptive analysis of the skeletal remains of 66 individuals recovered from the Fuller and Fanning Mound sites, located on the Yamhill River, Willamette Valley, Oregon, excavated in 1941-42 by W. T. Edmundson and William S. Laughlin. The literature and original field notes have been analyzed, and a description of burial type, side, orientation, grave type, associations, original preservation, and other information has been compiled for each individual. A tally of each of these burial attributes for the Yamhill population as a whole is also completed. In addition, an assessment of age, sex, and stature, a series of craniometric measurements, and non-metric traits, a dental analysis, and general description of obvious pathologic and morphologic condition of each individual and the group as a whole have been accomplished. Differences in trade item associations between deformed and non-deformed individuals suggest either a later arrival of cranial deformation practices (and possibly another cultural group) to the area, and possibly a multiple occupation of the Fuller and Fanning sites, or an elite class separation defined in part by artificial deformation of crania. Cranial deformation is also associated with the frequency of certain cranial discrete traits. Sexual dimorphism was noted in metric but not in non-metric analyses. Stature estimates indicate a population with mean stature of 1636-1661 for males, and 1547-1574 for females, typical among prehistoric Oregon populations. Mortality appears high for infants and adolescents when compared with other prehistoric North American samples. Dental attrition and caries may indicate a heavier reliance on plant than on animal foods. Single trait comparison to other regional populations shows some significant differences and indicates a need for further analysis of biological relationships using larger comparative samples and multivariate statistics.
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