Interactions of Trichoderma reesei exo-acting cellulases with p-aminophenyl 1-thio-β-D-cellobioside Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/ws859k68q

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  • Cellulolytic enzymes capable of efficiently degrading crystalline cellulose are a complex mixture of endo- (endoglucanases) and exo-acting (cellobiohydrolases) enzymes. One approach to separating these enzymes is affinity chromatography. A new ligand, p-aminophenyl l-thio-β-D-cellobioside (APTC), is introduced for this purpose. The property of APTC in affinity chromatography is demonstrated using Trichoderma reesei cellulases. The behavior of these enzymes on APTC-affinity column was essentially equivalent to that reported for the same enzymes on p-aminobenzyl 1-thio-β- D-cellobioside (ABTC)-columns; ABTC being the traditional ligand for affinity chromatography of exocellulases. The primary advantage of the APTC ligand is its ease of preparation. The affinity between CBHs and APTC may be considerably affected by nonspecific interactions. In this study, the significance of nonspecific protein/matrix interactions in affinity chromatography of cellulolytic enzymes is evaluated. The role of pH, NaCl, coupling conditions and stationary phase functional groups (N-hydroxysuccinimide ester and cyanogen bromide) on the affinity purification of Trichoderma reesei CBHs has been systematically determined. The results suggest that the apparent discrepancies in existing methods for the affinity purification of CBHs are due to nonspecific interactions, i.e. ionic interactions, between the enzymes and the stationary phase matrix. Exocellulases can be classified into two classes, based on their hydrolytic specificities. Class I enzymes preferentially hydrolyze cellulose from the reducing end, while Class 11 enzymes preferentially hydrolyze cellulose from the nonreducing end. Trichoderma reesei CBH I is a class I enzyme and CBH 11 is a class II enzyme. CBH I and CBH II are both retained on the APTC-affinity column; showing that both CBH classes bind to immobilized APTC. To further understand the differences in the two CBH classes, the behavior of CBH I and CBH II on the APTC-affinity column was compared. The affinity of CBH I for immobilized APTC was found to decrease when glucose was present in the system. In contrast, glucose was found to increase the affinity of CBH 11 for immobilized APTC. An outcome of this difference is that in the presence of glucose CBH I can be selectively eluted from the column. Equilibrium binding studies with each enzyme clearly reflect that CBH II has a higher affinity for immobilized APTC than CBH I.
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-01-26T20:20:45Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 PIYACHOMKUAKOON1997.pdf: 1549859 bytes, checksum: db0f68a41953d44a0085f3847217eb74 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1997-06-25
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-01-26T20:20:45Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 PIYACHOMKUAKOON1997.pdf: 1549859 bytes, checksum: db0f68a41953d44a0085f3847217eb74 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-12-20T21:55:36Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 PIYACHOMKUAKOON1997.pdf: 1549859 bytes, checksum: db0f68a41953d44a0085f3847217eb74 (MD5)
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