Food preferences of Thai adolescents and their mothers' attitudes and knowledge about foods and nutrition Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/ww72bf356

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  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between adolescents' food preferences and their mothers' attitudes and knowledge about foods and nutrition in Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. Subjects included 30 boys and 35 girls randomly selected from 11th grade classrooms at two high schools in Phitsanulok, and their mothers. An Attitudes Toward Foods and Nutrition Ouestionnaire (ATFN) and Knowledge About Foods and Nutrition Questionnaire (KAFN) were used to assess mothers' attitudes and knowledge about foods and nutrition, respectively. A Food Preference Questionnaire (FPQ) and a 24-Hour Dietary Recall Interview (DRI) were used to assess adolescents' food preferences and to determine their dietary nutrient intakes, respectively. Application of path analytic procedures to the data revealed that while fathers' and mothers' education, occupation and family income were significantly related together in complex ways, only mothers' occupation had a direct negative effect on their attitudes toward "food preparation and caring about nutrition". In addition, mothers' attitudes toward the "importance of nutrition and meals" had a direct positive effect on their attitudes toward "food preparation and caring about nutrition". Furthermore, mothers' "general nutrition knowledge" had a direct positive effect on their knowledge about "food composition", which in turn had a direct positive effect on their knowledge about a "well-balanced diet and protein". Finally, while mothers' attitudes toward "food preparation and caring about nutrition" had a direct positive effect on their adolescents' food preferences, mothers' "general nutrition knowledge" had a direct negative effect on their adolescents' food preferences. With respect to the relationships between adolescents' food preferences and their nutrient intakes, their preferences for foods in the Meat food group were significantly and positively related to their calorie, carbohydrate, and total fat intakes. In addition, adolescents' preferences for foods in the Vegetable and Vegetable Products food group were significantly and positively related to their total fat intake. Furthermore, adolescents's preferences for foods in the Fats and Oils food group were significantly and positively related to their calorie, carbohydrate, protein, and total fat intakes. Finally, a significant curvilinear relationship was found between adolescents' preferences for foods in the Cereal and Grain Products food group and their iron intake.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-02-12T15:25:35Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 SananmuangRatana1993.pdf: 5439112 bytes, checksum: 447b306f11f527137975269171304a79 (MD5)
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-01-25T21:56:49Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 SananmuangRatana1993.pdf: 5439112 bytes, checksum: 447b306f11f527137975269171304a79 (MD5)
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