A structural description of Oregon counties, 1973-1978 Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/z603r100s

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  • Local government officials and county planners may find descriptive information concerning the economic structure of each Oregon county useful for planning for future economic development. Specifically, citizens of counties and planning districts need to know whether industries in their area are growing or declining and in which industries a comparative advantage occurs. A regional economy is comprised of a mix of industries. Growth (decline) in various industrial sectors contributes to overall regional growth (decline). Numerous factors may account for an industry's growth: high productivity of capital and labor; new technologies which increase output per unit cost; positive labor-management relations which lead to improved performance; and unique locational advantages which may reduce input, transport, or other costs. Prior to identifying the possible determinants of growth in a specific area, a technique which measures the differences in growth rates among regions is necessary. Shift-share analysis is a descriptive tool which permits a systematic assessment of the industrial changes occurring in a region. The shift-share technique determines how specific industries in certain regions are performing relative to the same industries in a larger reference region. The primary objective of the thesis is to apply the modified shift-share technique proposed by Kalbacher [1979] to delineate changes in income in each Oregon county for the time period 1973 to 1978. The Pacific Northwest region which includes the states of Idaho, Oregon, and Washington is the designated reference economy. Labor and proprietors' income data, available at the county level from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, are utilized to measure the change in a region's economic activity level relative to the Pacific Northwest region. The shift-share model does not provide, by itself, a clear-cut explanation on how regions grow and to what extent interregional growth divergencies can be explained. In order to explain the varying rates of growth experienced by the individual Oregon counties, additional analysis of factors underlying the regional share component is necessary. Selected variables, which represent economic and social characteristics of each Oregon county, are utilized in the regression analysis which attempts to identify possible determinants of a county's regional share value.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Anna Opoien(anna.opoien@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-08-08T19:56:24Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 LedeboerMVivian1983.pdf: 2160280 bytes, checksum: bed1106a475ce0b975daa41509fbff90 (MD5)
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