The relationship between kindergarten experience and fine-muscle eye-hand coordination abilities of first grade children Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/zc77ss61v

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between kindergarten experience and fine-muscle eye-hand coordination abilities of first grade children. The subjects were 181 first graders in the public schools of Albany, Corvallis, and Salem, Oregon. The mean age of the sample was 76.69 months with a standard deviation of 3.75 months. The kindergarten group attended schools in Corvallis, Oregon, and numbered 92. The non-kindergarten group attended schools in Albany and Salem, Oregon. They numbered 89. Socio-economic status was determined by the Hollingshead Two- Factor Index of Social Position. Ninety percent of the sample were classified as lower middle class (Class IV), with the other ten percent in the lower limits of the middle class (Class III). Fine-muscle eye-hand coordination was considered in its broadest sense and was measured by The Moore Eye-Hand Coordination Test, a speed and accuracy test using marbles; and The Frostig Developmental Test of Visual Perception, Test I, Eye-Motor Coordination, a measure of eye-hand coordination involving drawing. The Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test was used to measure mental age, and The Metropolitan Readiness Test was used to estimate school readiness. All tests were administered during the months of September and October. Two null hypotheses were tested: Hypothesis I: Comparison of scores for the kindergarten and non-kindergarten groups will yield no significant differences in fine-muscle eye-hand coordination abilities; Hypothesis II: Prediction of school readiness will not be improved by the addition of the coefficients of the selected variables used in this study: experience, sex, age, handedness, height, weight, glasses, mental age, and the fine-muscle eye-hand coordination measures. Results of the t-tests applied to the first hypothesis indicated that there were significant differences beyond the .025 level in favor of females and those children who had had kindergarten experience when measured by the Moore Eye-Hand Coordination Test. A significant t-value beyond the .01 level was found in favor of the kindergarten group when measured by the Frostig Test. It was concluded that kindergarten experience did improve fine-muscle eye-hand coordination, thus the null hypothesis was rejected. Hypothesis II was tested by the stepwise multiple linear regression analysis program. Four variables; experience, mental age, Frostig Test, and the Moore Test generated significant F-values. These variables were the only variables that contributed to R². An analysis of variance on the four variables which were included in the final regression model had an F-value of 42.23. Since this exceeds the F-distribution by 12 times, the fitted equation can be rated a satisfactory prediction tool. The model was tested for linearity, allowing the rejection of the assumption that a linear relationship between the y and x's might not exist, A coefficient of determination value of .49 was considered adequate in light of the tests performed. Consequently the null hypothesis was rejected, and it was concluded that we may predict school readiness with some confidence.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Copyright
Date Issued
Degree Level
Degree Name
Degree Field
Degree Grantor
Commencement Year
Advisor
Committee Member
Academic Affiliation
Non-Academic Affiliation
Subject
Rights Statement
Peer Reviewed
Language
Digitization Specifications
  • File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6770A in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 5.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR.
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Katy Davis(kdscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2014-02-12T18:04:05Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 RobertsArthurJ1970.pdf: 600024 bytes, checksum: 424ccf11658402da8c412cad27a0de94 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2014-02-11T21:27:39Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 RobertsArthurJ1970.pdf: 600024 bytes, checksum: 424ccf11658402da8c412cad27a0de94 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Madison Medley (mmscannerosu@gmail.com) on 2014-02-05T21:05:37Z No. of bitstreams: 1 RobertsArthurJ1970.pdf: 600024 bytes, checksum: 424ccf11658402da8c412cad27a0de94 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2014-02-12T18:04:06Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 RobertsArthurJ1970.pdf: 600024 bytes, checksum: 424ccf11658402da8c412cad27a0de94 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1970-05-04

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Last modified

Downloadable Content

Download PDF

Items