- The purpose of this study was twofold: first, to examine the
choice of living setting of university sophomore women in relation to
their value preferences and in relation to selected settings, socioeconomic
background, and circumstance factors surrounding their
choices. The secondary aim of the study was to investigate how the
members of the various living groups perceive the value preferences
of their immediate living group in relation to their own value preferences,
and whether or not these perceptions correspond to the actual
preferences expressed by their immediate living group.
The data for this study came from two sources, the subjects'
responses to the Allport-Vernon-Lindzey Study of Values, and a personal
data sheet. The Study of Values was administered twice to each
subject; the first time the subjects responded in light of their own
value preferences and the second time they responded as they perceived
the members of their immediate living group would respond.
A stratified random sample of 21 female sophomores was drawn
from each of two of the three major types of living settings on the
Oregon State University campus, namely, the residence halls, cooperatives
and sororities. In the third setting, the co-operatives, it
was necessary to use the entire population of sophomores in order to
achieve an equal number from all settings.
The following hypotheses were tested:
I. There is no difference among the three types of living
groups with regard to the degree of preference expressed
concerning each of six values.
II. a) Choice of living setting is independent of setting
b) Choice of living setting is independent of socioeconomic
c) Choice of living setting is independent of selected
III. There is no relationship between an individual's score on
each of six values and those scores for her specific group
as perceived by her.
IV. Perceived group value preferences do not differ from
actual group value preferences on each of six values.
An heirarchical analysis of variance was used to analyze the data
for hypothesis one. There was insufficient evidence to reject the hypothesis of no difference among preferences expressed by members
in three settings on each of the six values, with the exception of the
aesthetic value. Co-operative members expressed aesthetic value
preferences differently from those expressed by the residence hall
and sorority members, which were highly similar to each other.
In order to test hypothesis two, the chi-square test of independence
was used. The significant results obtained indicate that choice
of living setting is dependent upon the setting characteristics of
proximity to campus, cost, atmosphere and prestige, size of group,
mothers' education, family income, and amount of self-support.
The choice of a living setting was independent of the influence of a
Analysis of covariance was applied to the data for the test of
hypothesis three; the correlation coefficients obtained were not significant,
indicating that there is no reason to suspect that individuals
perceive their living group's value preferences to be similar to
The test results for hypothesis four, tested by an heirarchical
analysis of variance, indicated that subjects in the three settings perceive
the economic, religious and political value preferences of their
immediate living group inaccurately. However, there was not sufficient
evidence to conclude that they did not perceive aesthetic,
theoretical and social value preferences of their immediate living group accurately.
These findings suggest that choice of living setting is a complex
phenomenon dependent upon personal characteristics, setting characteristics,
and contemporaneous circumstance variables which warrant
further research design more stringent than the one employed in
the present study.