- This study was designed to identify young homemakers' management
problems and to see if limitations of selected resources caused
problems. Sources used for current homemaking information were
The sample was composed of 50 married homemakers, age 30
or under, who were living with their husbands. Homemakers were
randomly selected from a newsletter mailing list.
Thirty of the homemakers were classified as full-time homemakers.
Twelve were employed full-time and six on a part-time
basis. Only two were currently enrolled as students taking credit
courses. Their average age was 26 years and they had completed
a mean of 14 years of education. All but seven had families ranging
from one to four children. The family mean income was $10,500.
All 17 tasks studied were carried out most often on a regular or sometimes basis by the homemakers. Tasks included: meal
preparation, dishwashing, packing lunches, special food preparation,
food preservation, regular house care, special house care, upkeep
of the home, washing, ironing, sewing and mending, physical care
of adults, physical care of children, financial planning, record
keeping, marketing for food and marketing for clothing.
Homemakers rated tasks on a scale ranging from very simple
to very complex. Upkeep of the home was listed as most complex
while dishwashing was named the least complex task.
Hypothesis 1. Hypothesis 1, management problems of young
homemakers will not differ with respect to: length of marriage, age,
type of housing, place of residence, homemakers' education, homemakers'
occupation, composition of family and income, was accepted
since there was no indication of relationship at the 0.10 level of
signficance between management problems expressed and the demographic
If tasks were complex, homemakers were asked if one or more
of six resource limitations including: money, time, knowledge,
equipment, energy or space caused the complexity. Chi-square tests
indicated that resources were unevenly distributed among the tasks.
Limitations causing the most difficulty were time followed by money
Resource limitations were unevenly distributed for special food preparation, financial planning, record keeping, marketing for food,
marketing for clothing and special house care at the 0.005 significance
level. Limitations were unevenly distributed at the 0.01
signficance level for ironing, the 0.05 significance level for food
preservation and 0.10 significance level for upkeep of the home.
Hypothesis Z. Hypothesis 2, there will be no relationship
between the expressed problem areas and the limitations of resources
of time, money, knowledge, equipment, energy or space, was rejected
for the tasks mentioned above due to the uneven distribution
at the stated signficance levels.
The task enjoyed most by homemakers was physical care of
children even though it took the most time. Dishwashing was least
enjoyed, while ironing and packing lunches were least time consuming.
The most energy was spent on special house care while washing
took the least amount.
Sixty-two percent of the homemakers followed daily routines
while three-fourths of the homemakers made spending plans regularly.
Sixty-eight percent had monetary resources to cover expenditures on
a regular basis.
Appliances available to all homemakers included a refrigerator
or refrigerator-freezer, range and vacuum cleaner.
Two-thirds of the families owned or were buying their homes.
Twenty-eight felt they could use additional living space. Of these 28,
17 specified the need for at least one additional bedroom.
All homemakers received current homemaking information from
the Oregon State University Cooperative Extension Service Young
Homemaker Newsletter. They requested additional information on
community resources, use of personal energy, time, money, household
space and equipment via, the newsletter.
The majority of homemakers were managing the tasks and
resources discussed in this study effectively in terms of the homemakers'
satisfactions. The homemakers appeared to place a high
value on their dual roles as wife and mother and were willing to try
new ideas to enhance their roles.