Solvent desorption dynamic headspace analysis of dairy product aroma compounds Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/zp38wh00b

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  • A method for the assessment of volatile compounds in dairy products was developed using solvent desorption dynamic headspace sampling. The method was first applied to assay for diacetyl and acetoin in buttermilk. Major buttermilk volatiles recovered included diacetyl, acetic acid, and acetoin. Normalized detector responses were linear over the range of concentrations tested for diacetyl and acetoin. The method enabled quantitative estimation of diacetyl and acetoin in <30 min, including sample preparation time. Next, the ability of stabilizing and emulsifying agents to inhibit the release of diacetyl from a model dairy matrix was examined using modified purge parameters. Stabilizers (guar, xanthan, and carrageenan) and emulsifiers (lecithin, carboxymethyl cellulose, and Tween 80) were examined for their effects on headspace available diacetyl at 0.05, 0.10, and 0.20% (wt/wt) in a 5% milkfat model system. Guar gum and carrageenan exhibited similar diacetyl release inhibition when corrected for viscosity. Xanthan gum exhibited the greatest decrease in headspace available diacetyl after correction for viscosity at increasing gum levels. Tween 80 imparted no significant viscosity and had no effect on recoverable diacetyl. Lecithin had no effect on viscosity, however it did inhibit the release of diacetyl as a function of lecithin level. Carboxymethyl cellulose increased viscosity and inhibited diacetyl release. Finally, a rapid dynamic headspace sampling technique was evaluated for its ability to differentiate between Cheddar cheese samples for volatile aroma compounds. Seven samples of Cheddar cheese were examined ranging in flavor from mild to extra sharp. A total of 14 volatile compounds were tentatively identified with published retention indices and retention times of known standards. Major volatiles recovered were 2-butanol, acetoin, propanoic acid, butyric acid, and caproic acid. Other identified compounds were 2-butanone, diacetyl, ethyl butyrate, 1-butanol, ethyl caproate, hexanol, acetic acid, 2,3-butanediol, and octanoic acid. The application of solvent desorption dynamic headspace sampling of dairy volatiles is a simple, rapid method for the determination of volatile compounds previously shown to influence flavor and aroma of dairy products. This research was conducted to demonstrate the optimized application of this technology to tracking dairy products aroma compounds.
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