Personal and national values : a multinational comparison of values within the person-centered community Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/zs25xc49t

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  • Through the development of a Values Questionnaire this study examined the relative importance of values in multinational settings. The Values studied were Respect, Power, Intelligence, Wealth, Skill, Health, Human Kindness, and Love. The person-centered approach was selected as a particular social science community for the focus of the study. Ninety-two attendees of person-centered workshops in Zinal, Switzerland and Marienburg, West Germany volunteered to participate in the study. Representing seventeen countries, the research participants rated the values on a nine-point scale of importance from unimportant to important. The rating was performed from a personal standpoint and from the perception of most members of one's national group. The hypotheses were (1) there will be a significant difference between the eight values in their importance rating, and (2) personal value importance differs significantly from national group value importance. The results indicated that the eight values were considered to be distinct and that personal value importance differed from national group value importance. In an analysis of variance, the differences between the values and the personal and national group ratings were significant at the .001 level. A Newman-Keuls post hoc comparison identified the personal ratings with the highest importance placed on Love, Respect, Health, and Human Kindness; whereas, the national group ratings placed the highest importance on Wealth, Power, Skill, and Intelligence. The Values Questionnaire was able to assess levels of value importance in multinational settings. The problems of translation were minimal. The values measured were considered as separate entities and received different ratings from personal and national group perspectives. Specific differences that were identified within and between the personal and national group ratings are reflective of the values existing within the person-centered community.
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