In this dissertation, time-based signal processing techniques and their applications in oversampling and noise-shaping data converters are examined. These techniques demonstrate the ability to shift the burden of high performance analog circuits from the compressed voltage-domain to the augmented time-domain. First, the potential of high order noise-shaping and phase-domain feedback in time-to-digital converters (TDCs) is explored. A prototype phase reference, second-order continuous-time delta-sigma TDC for sensor applications was fabricated in 90nm CMOS and achieves 64 dB dynamic range in 1MHz signal bandwidth. Second, an ultra-high performance oscillator-based delta-sigma modulator architecture is investigated. The proposed circuit is a third-order continuous-time PLL-Based
Delta-Sigma Modulator with simulated 77 dB SNDR in 40MHz signal bandwidth with OSR of 16, and is fabricated in 65nm CMOS.