- The purpose of this thesis is to provide an overview of the use of solitary confinement and related techniques of isolation in juvenile correctional facilities in the United States. Given that scholars, correctional employees, incarcerated youth, and activists define solitary confinement in varied ways, this thesis attempts to synthesize those definitions in order to further more comprehensive conversation. Prior published research is utilized in conjunction with currently available data to discuss applications of isolation, Oregon-specific practices and issues, rationales for the continued use of isolation, and various efforts to reduce or entirely ban the practice of solitary confinement in juvenile facilities. Ultimately, this research concludes that, despite positive intentions, solitary confinement continues to be pervasive in juvenile correctional facilities. With the combined efforts of advocates, policymakers, correctional administration, and other involved parties, we can ensure proper oversight of juvenile corrections and reduce our reliance on the harmful practice of solitary confinement.
Key Words: solitary confinement, juvenile justice, incarcerated youth, correctional
facilities, juvenile detention centers