- Anime and manga’s general lack of brown and black characters may not seem unusual at first considering that the medium is produced in Japan by Japanese creators for Japanese audiences, and thus chiefly features Japanese characters. However, its significant proportion of white characters necessitates a more critical investigation of racial dynamics in anime/manga, especially since the brown/black characters who do appear often suffer from characterizations that put undue emphasis on their brownness or blackness. In this thesis, I discuss racial constructions in anime/manga and their possible implications for the Western viewer. I identify four commonly occurring patterns of racial construction in anime/manga that collectively suggest a particular white/Asian/black racial stratification in which white people and East Asian people are suggested to be equal in racial status to each other through “equal superiority,” over brown and black people. My points are illustrated through the analysis of two case studies, the anime adaptations of the manga series Kuroko’s Basketball and ACCA: 13-Territory Inspection Dept.