- Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the U.S. but is often thought of as a man’s disease. Women with CVD, however, suffer poorer health outcomes due to previous education of stereotypically “male” signs and symptoms of heart attacks, despite the fact that women experience additional symptoms uncommon to men. This study examined undergraduate students’ awareness of CVD risk in America, knowledge of risk factors and signs and symptoms for both sexes, and perceived health risk of CVD. An online link to a survey was distributed to two lectures (n=50, 72% female, 28% male) of HHS 231 at Oregon State University (OSU). Analyses included correlation coefficients, independents samples t-tests, and ANOVA.
OSU students displayed low awareness of CVD risk in the U.S. (M: 3.2 out of 8), low perceived CVD health risk (M: 8.6 out of 40) and moderate to high knowledge of CVD risk factors (M: 14.6 out of 18) and MI signs and symptoms for both men and women (M: 7.3 out of 11). No statistical significance (p<0.05) was found in these variables between males and females.
Heart disease, sex, awareness, knowledge, risk factors