- Self-regulation is a cognitive mechanism that allows children to maintain control over their behaviors and emotions. The importance of this function is well-documented, but there is less understanding of the factors that affect children’s development of self-regulation. Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine if parent stress in low-income families is related to children’s self-regulation. This was conducted by comparing parent self-ratings of their stress levels and their children’s performance of two self-regulation measures: Head-Toes-Knees-Shoulders Revised (HTKS-R) and The Dimensional Card Change Sort (DCCS). The results indicated a significant positive correlation between a stress item measuring how often parents felt on top of things and children’s performance on the HTKS-R Measure, indicating a relationship between certain aspects of parent stress and children’s self-regulation. These findings suggest more research is needed to fully understand the relationship between parent stress and children’s self-regulation in low-income families.
Key Words: self-regulation, parent stress, cognitive development, low-income families, caregiving