Technical Report

 

Broccoli Breeding, Evaluation and Seed Production 2015 : Oregon Processed Vegetable Commission Continuing Project Report Public Deposited

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https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/technical_reports/3484zp80n

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  • Processors need broccoli with better quality traits than what is available in cultivars developed for California and Mexico fresh markets. Farmers need to reduce labor costs of broccoli production by mechanizing harvest. Most contemporary commercially available cultivars are not suitable for either mechanical harvest or processing. The objective of the OSU broccoli breeding program is to develop broccoli varieties adapted to western Oregon with suitable quality and high yields. The program operates on a one year cycle where cuttings from the field are taken into the greenhouse in the fall where they are rooted and hand crossed and self-pollinated to produce seed for the next generation. Seed is harvested in May and June and used to plant trials for fall evaluation. . In 2015, nine experimental hybrids were planted in a replicated yield trial, which also included two commercial check hybrids and a new exserted commercial hybrid from Seminis. SVO 097BL had the highest net T/A head weight of the trial but was not significantly different than the experimental hybrid S446 x S454. Twenty-two advanced generation inbreds were selfed for seed production and an additional 15 early generation inbreds were advanced a generation. Eleven cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) selections were backcrossed to various inbreds. A visit was made to a seed company who is evaluating inbreds from the OSU breeding program.
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