Potential of eradicating noxious weed seeds from the soil with heat and carabid seed predators Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/undergraduate_thesis_or_projects/1j92g910v

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  • The goal of this project was to develop and test non-herbicidal techniques that remove nonnative plant or weed seeds from the top 2 inches of the soil. The Nature Conservancy (TNC) is currently restoring prairies in the Willamette Valley. Some areas of the Pacific Northwest have already seen loss of more than 99% of former native prairie and 90% oak savanna to agriculture, forest production, and development. In order for the land to be restored, all non-native vegetation must be removed, beginning with removal of unwanted vegetation and a reduction of weed seed density in the soil (Greg Fitzpatrick, 2006). Non-native or invasive plant species pose a serious threat to revegetation with native species, and the cost of weed management is prohibitive if herbicides are not used. We tested two strategies to remove weed seeds from the soil. In the first project we worked collaboratively with mechanical engineering (ME) students to develop a machine that would kill seeds in the soil with heat. We tested weed seed survival after exposure to various temperatures and provided the data to the ME students that so that they could adequately design and build the machine. We also evaluated the efficacy of their machine after it was built. In the second project we measured the potential seed loss due to carabid beetle weed seed predation in a controlled environment. The non-native species of choice for these studies represented a broad range of environmental adaptability and included Pigweed (Aamaranthus retroflexus), Oxeye Daisy (Chysanthemum leucanthemum), Wild Carrot (Daucus carota), and False Brome (Brachypodium sylvaticum), Proso Millet (Panicum miliaceum), Hairy Nightshade (Solanaceae) or (Solanum sarrachoides) (see appendix I for more information on the characteristics of these species).
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Wanda Crannell (crannelw@hort.oregonstate.edu) on 2009-05-13T23:18:23Z No. of bitstreams: 4 seminar-final presentation-Nicole Marshall.pdf: 113965098 bytes, checksum: da5ee3bc802b1e1b31bf01bdf90ff617 (MD5) NicoleMarshall_Appendix IIIIIIV_6-3-08.pdf: 4995959 bytes, checksum: 139dd42693c0a8d256cd4f189cf9d00c (MD5) NicoleMarshall_final BRR thesis_6-3-08.pdf: 2174917 bytes, checksum: c87bc232efc1c63b2661a615e24c682e (MD5) NicoleMarshall_Cover_Title page and table of contents_6-3-08.pdf: 93545 bytes, checksum: 2c25803cba7d848f222bb6cadae13b7d (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2009-05-18T15:53:46Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 4 seminar-final presentation-Nicole Marshall.pdf: 113965098 bytes, checksum: da5ee3bc802b1e1b31bf01bdf90ff617 (MD5) NicoleMarshall_Appendix IIIIIIV_6-3-08.pdf: 4995959 bytes, checksum: 139dd42693c0a8d256cd4f189cf9d00c (MD5) NicoleMarshall_final BRR thesis_6-3-08.pdf: 2174917 bytes, checksum: c87bc232efc1c63b2661a615e24c682e (MD5) NicoleMarshall_Cover_Title page and table of contents_6-3-08.pdf: 93545 bytes, checksum: 2c25803cba7d848f222bb6cadae13b7d (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2009-05-18T15:53:46Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 4 seminar-final presentation-Nicole Marshall.pdf: 113965098 bytes, checksum: da5ee3bc802b1e1b31bf01bdf90ff617 (MD5) NicoleMarshall_Appendix IIIIIIV_6-3-08.pdf: 4995959 bytes, checksum: 139dd42693c0a8d256cd4f189cf9d00c (MD5) NicoleMarshall_final BRR thesis_6-3-08.pdf: 2174917 bytes, checksum: c87bc232efc1c63b2661a615e24c682e (MD5) NicoleMarshall_Cover_Title page and table of contents_6-3-08.pdf: 93545 bytes, checksum: 2c25803cba7d848f222bb6cadae13b7d (MD5)

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