Examining the Quality of Parent Interaction with Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in Distinctly Different Play Environments Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/undergraduate_thesis_or_projects/1n79h5857

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  • ASD is characterized primarily by deficits in social and communicative skills, however recent studies show differences in motor skills as well when compared to typically developing children. Because of these differences, parents of children with ASD may portray different behaviors than parents of typically developing children. This research aims to find how parents engage with their child (either with or without ASD) in distinctly different play settings; one that promotes social play and one that promotes gross motor function and physical activity). Parents were coded on five behaviors using an adapted parent-child interaction rating scale from EHS: 24-month 3 bag scales. The behaviors coded were: parent encourages a stimulating environment, negativity, sensitivity, detachment, and intrusiveness, which were used while coding interactions in both settings. Results from this project indicated a difference in parental behaviors in a motor setting.  Parents of children with ASD were overall less encouraging of a stimulating environment (p=.04) and less sensitive (p=.01) in the motor setting. These results highlight the importance of educating parents regarding how to interact with children with ASD in a physical activity setting to increase engagement in physical activity for children with developmental disabilities considering the known differences in child behaviors in such a setting.
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