Electrophysiological Evidence for the Failure of Salient Stimuli to Capture Attention, Even When Presented Rarely Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/undergraduate_thesis_or_projects/3t945s38s

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • Some studies suggest that attention can be captured by irrelevant, salient objects when they appear rarely. We addressed this issue using the N2pc effect, a lateralized, negative voltage spike in the brain potentials in parietal cortex, thought to reflect attentional allocation. A cue display was followed by a target display where participants identified the letter in a specific color. Experiment 1 examined rare, irrelevant color singleton cues (10% of the trials for one color, 10% for the other color, and 80% with no singleton). Despite being rare and salient, these singleton cues produced very little N2pc effect and cue validity effect, indicating little or no attentional capture. Experiment 2 pitted a rare, irrelevant, abrupt onset (appearing on only 20% of the trials) against a target-relevant color cue (appearing on 100% of the trials). Overall, this "relevant" color cue produced N2pc effect and cue validity effects. Most importantly, these effects persisted even when the relevant color cue had to compete with a salient, simultaneous abrupt onset. We argue that salient, irrelevant objects do not necessarily capture attention even when they occur rarely.
Resource Type
Date Available
Date Issued
Non-Academic Affiliation
Keyword
Rights Statement
Funding Statement (additional comments about funding)
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Birken Noesen (noesenb@onid.orst.edu) on 2012-05-29T21:40:22Z No. of bitstreams: 2 ACR Psychonomic Poster Final.pptx: 319489 bytes, checksum: 536a93148eb0eac73e40d82443150414 (MD5) ACR Psychonomic Poster Final.pdf: 329973 bytes, checksum: 51d14f9858df9db20beeb9c948f1b8af (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-05-29T23:53:00Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 2 ACR Psychonomic Poster Final.pptx: 319489 bytes, checksum: 536a93148eb0eac73e40d82443150414 (MD5) ACR Psychonomic Poster Final.pdf: 329973 bytes, checksum: 51d14f9858df9db20beeb9c948f1b8af (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Sue Kunda(sue.kunda@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-05-29T23:53:00Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 2 ACR Psychonomic Poster Final.pptx: 319489 bytes, checksum: 536a93148eb0eac73e40d82443150414 (MD5) ACR Psychonomic Poster Final.pdf: 329973 bytes, checksum: 51d14f9858df9db20beeb9c948f1b8af (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 07/21/2017 Default
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items