WAVE pilot study: Creation of education tools to promote proper body composition analysis and body image awareness Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/undergraduate_thesis_or_projects/6h440v09v

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  • Background: The Wave~Ripples for Change: Obesity Prevention in High-School Soccer Players research project is a 5-Y USDA funded project focused on building healthy nutrition, physical activity and life skills for healthy weight maintenance. The intervention includes providing face-to-face sport nutrition, physical activity and life- skills lessons, assessments of body composition, physical activity, and nutrition, and on-line immersive learning to reinforce the lessons. Objective: Develop two lessons to educate youth soccer players (age=14-19y): 1) For males, the focus is body weight and composition, and factors related to building/retaining muscle mass to reduce risk of inappropriate diet and supplement use; 2) For females, the focus is body image and associated issues about body weight and performance to reduce the risk of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Method: Review the research literature and identify key body composition and body image issues unique to males and females, especially active high school youth. Then develop two different lessons that will encompass the needs of each gender utilizing photos, online capabilities and common misconceptions about food, exercise and body size. Results: Research shows that active males are more interested in gaining weight, specifically muscle mass, which increases the risk of using unhealthy diets and supplements promising increased in muscle mass. Active females are more interested in being thin and small stature, which can lead to disordered eating and body image issues. Two educational lessons were developed to address the different weight and body composition issues identified for each group. For the males, the lesson focuses on understanding body composition and how it is measured, the impact of body composition on health and performance, and factors that improve body composition, including appropriate diet and exercise recommendations. For the females, the lesson focuses on understanding body composition and image, and how inappropriate beliefs about body shape and size increases the risk of body dissatisfaction. Approaches to improve body image and satisfaction are presented and discussed. Conclusions: Lessons will be tested on the WAVE pilot study high school soccer players (n=26). Based on feedback from students, changes will be made to the lessons prior to program delivery to the larger intervention study beginning in fall 2015.
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