Phylogenic studies suggest that cells from long-lived species are more resistant to a variety of stressors than short-lived species. However, there is little information on the cellular mechanisms that give rise to increased resistance to stress. Our previous studies have shown that liver proteins from a long-lived species have lower levels of protein ubiquitination which is associated with increased proteasome activity, suggesting that mechanisms of protein quality control could play a critical role in assuring longevity of long-lived species. In this study, we evaluated whether autophagy and heat shock chaperones proteins (HSPs) are associated with longevity in rodents using skin fibroblasts isolated from mice and naked mole rats (NMR); two species that are similar in body size but differ almost 10 fold in longevity. Our results indicate that macroautophagy induced by serum-starvation is significantly enhanced in NMR compared to mouse which correlates with an inhibition of the mTOR pathway and increased LC3 conversion. We also found that several HSPs (e.g., Hsp90, Hsp70, Hsp40, Hsp 27) were significantly higher at both basal and after heat shock conditions. These observations suggest that NMR, a long-lived species, has increased mechanisms to ensure protein quality (autophagy and HSPs) and support the idea that protein homeostasis could play an important role in promoting longevity.