Social Aspects of Federal Fisheries Management in the Pacific Islands Region: Stakeholder Perspectives and an Informal Gap Analysis of Current Data Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/undergraduate_thesis_or_projects/dj52w620h

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  • Information about social and economic attributes of fisheries, fishing communities, and fishery participants is important for marine resource management because the focuses of agency efforts are on managing society's impacts to the marine environment. This thesis addresses two questions. First, what are the perspectives of managers, scientists, and commercial and recreational fishers regarding the importance of social information in helping to manage fisheries? Second, what gaps in knowledge about social aspects of fisheries and its management do these stakeholders feel require further research, especially in the Pacific Islands Region? Data were obtained from semi-structured interviews with 57 fishers, managers, and scientists in this Region. All of these stakeholders considered social information to be critically important to fisheries management. An informal gap analysis identified four primary gaps with regard to social information in the Pacific Islands Region, supported by 15 interviewees or more (in descending order): (a) fisher perspectives, behaviors, and motivations; (b) baseline participation and catch data for the recreational fishery; (c) culture, customs, and values; and (d) economics. This study identified social information needs according to stakeholders in the Pacific Islands Region, which can aid in developing management objectives to inform relevant future social science research efforts.
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  • TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION ...........................................................................................................................1 Review of Literature.................................................................................................................3 Historical Dependence and Participation.............................................................................4 Sociodemographic Characteristics.......................................................................................6 Attitudes, Beliefs, and Values..............................................................................................7 Sociology............................................................................................................................8 Perceptions of Policies.........................................................................................................8 Economics...........................................................................................................................9 Research Questions.................................................................................................................10 METHODS ...................................................................................................................................11 Study Area…..........................................................................................................................11 Populations of Interest…........................................................................................................11 Identification of Study Participants........................................................................................12 Sample Size and Data Collection............................................................................................13 Development of Questions......................................................................................................16 Analytical Procedures.............................................................................................................16 RESULTS .....................................................................................................................................18 Importance of Social Information in Fisheries…...................................................................18 Knowledge Gaps in Socio-cultural and Economic Aspect of Fisheries.................................20 Priority Knowledge Gaps According to Stakeholders............................................................23 Priority 1: Participant/Community Perspectives, Behaviors, and Motivations.................23 Priority 2: Social Attributes of Non-Commercial Fisheries- "Recreational" Fisheries...................................................................................25 Priority 3: Culture, Customs, and Values..........................................................................27 Priority 4: Fisheries Economics.........................................................................................29 Priority 5: ACG Social Issues............................................................................................31 Priority 6: Number and Characteristics of Participants.....................................................35 Priority 7: Social Attributes of Coral Reef Fisheries.........................................................36 Priority 7: Social Attributes of Non-Commercial Fisheries- Subsistence Fisheries……………………........................................................38 Priority 7: Social Attributes of Adaptive Management.....................................................39 Priority 8: Human Dimensions of Stock Assessments…………………..........................41 Priority 8: Demographics of Fishery Participants and Communities…………………....42 Priority 9: Impacts on Fishing Communities………………….........................................43 DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS…..........................................................................44 Participant/Community Perspectives, Behaviors, and Motivations........................................46 Social Attributes of Non-Commercial Fisheries- "Recreational" Fisheries ..................................................................................48 Culture, Customs, and Values.................................................................................................51 Fisheries Economics...............................................................................................................53 CONCLUSION…………………………………...........................................................................55 BIBLIOGRAPHY ..........................................................................................................................58 APPENDICES…. ..........................................................................................................................64
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