Honors College Thesis

 

The Current Impact of Title IX in the Pac-12 Conference: Who Really Benefits? Public

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  • Title IX has increased opportunities for women academically and athletically. This research assessed the impact that Title IX has had in the Pac-12 Conference in the development of women’s intercollegiate athletics within the male-dominated world of sports and how female and male athletes have been impacted by Title IX implementation. Telephone surveys were conducted with 11 out of 12 Senior Women’s Administrators of universities in the Pac-12 conference. The survey examined how Title IX is currently administered and implemented at the intercollegiate level and collected more information as to how Title IX is used and interpreted across universities within the Pac-12. The research showed that Title IX increased opportunities at the Division I intercollegiate sports level in the Pac-12 conference. All universities reported that Title IX has successfully developed women’s intercollegiate sports. Women’s sports programs have flourished over the last 40 years, yet this research revealed that Title IX has also had an impact on men’s Division I intercollegiate sports in the Pac-12 conference. Three of the 11 universities cut men’s programs recently due to economics and the attempt to meet proportionality for Title IX compliance. Universities use proportionality as the primary way to meet compliance with Title IX. However, because of football programs, trying to obtain proportionality can lead to the use of roster management by some universities within the Pac-12. Furthermore, findings revealed that the implementation of Title IX and the current economic climate influence how universities interpret and apply the guidelines set forth in this legislation.
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