Gender-Dependent Mechanisms of Alpha-Tocopherol Protection from Benzo[a]pyrene Exposure in Rats Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/undergraduate_thesis_or_projects/hx11xh39k

Thesis poster fair presentation.

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  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including benzo[a]pyrene (BP), are environmental pollutants linked to increased disease susceptibilities. Alpha-Tocopherol (aT) supplementation decreases BP-DNA adducts in smokers, particularly women; but the mechanism is unknown. To test the hypothesis that aT protection from BP exposure is gender-dependent, male and female rats received 7 daily subcutaneous (SQ) injections of aT (100 mg aT/ kg body wt) or vehicle, followed by a single ip injection of BP (20 mg/kg, spiked with 3H-BP) on day 9. Urine and bile were collected pre- and post-BP. Plasma and tissues were collected 5 or 24 hr post-BP. aT supplementation increased aT levels in females greater than males. Compared to vehicle, aT supplementation increased total urinary and biliary excretion of BP and/or BP metabolites more than 2.5-fold in females, but decreased total BP and/or BP metabolite excretion in males (p<0.05). SQ aT prevented BP-induced increases in urine 8-isoprostanes (males) and decreased tissue malondialdehyde levels in a tissue- and gender-dependent manner. These data are the first to suggest that aT protection from BP exposure is gender-dependent and occurs by both antioxidant and non-antioxidant mechanisms. Further elucidation of the mechanism(s) of aT protection against PAHs may lead to the development of novel protective strategies for occupational PAH exposures.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Sue Kunda(sue.kunda@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-05-30T23:52:57Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 3 Crimp 2012 Thesis Fair poster.pdf: 2427907 bytes, checksum: 825c3018950d1e8aeefd176867c83874 (MD5) license_rdf: 22765 bytes, checksum: 56265f5776a16a05899187d30899c530 (MD5) license_text: 0 bytes, checksum: d41d8cd98f00b204e9800998ecf8427e (MD5)

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