The Influence of World War One on the Development of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/undergraduate_thesis_or_projects/kh04dr64b

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  • Prior to World War One, plastic surgery, as in its present form, was yet unfounded and not recognized as a genuine medical specialty. The carnage of the war prompted Britain to establish a specialized treatment center for plastic surgery, first at Aldershot and then at Sidcup, under the leadership of Harold Gillies. The Queen’s hospital at Sidcup showcased interdisciplinary and international collaboration among its personnel which served to propel the advancement of plastic surgery. The tactic of trench warfare resulted in a disproportionate number of soldiers suffering from face and neck injuries. As a result of the large number of cases, the surgeons at Sidcup were able to advance the techniques of plastic surgery in a way not seen before the war. In conclusion, the carnage associated with World War One resulted in the growth and development of plastic surgery, and its acceptance as a surgical specialty.
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