|Abstract or Summary
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights establishes the right to clean water, entitling everyone to “sufficient, safe, acceptable, physically accessible and affordable water for personal and domestic uses”. This rationale is the inspiration for comparing the effects of clean water strategies. A comparison between Tunisian and Egyptian approaches will evaluate best practices for providing sustainable clean water services to growing urban and rural populations. There is a global effort to monitor a country’s self-help capabilities; and the international attention given to sustainable development motivates state commitments to this issue. Identifying the competence of current water policies will address modifications needed to improve clean water management strategies. To provide a more comprehensive examination of resources and the different sustainable water practices available in the North African region, some information will be included on neighboring states.
Natural resources are manipulated as a tool to gain economic advantages, political leverage, and or exploited. Water management is a vital issue in countries with ecosystems akin to Tunisia and Egypt. A lack of certain resources can be a source of tension, therefore reshaping policies to promote sustainable action is imperative. The Millennium Development Goals in conjunction with the objectives of Earth Summit will provide insight into current sustainable approaches as well as recommend useful resources.
The review will identify international goals for sustainable development, then Tunisian and Egyptian statistics in how relevant water issues in North Africa can be addressed in a sustainable manner that can improve state relationships. The findings of my research emphasize the impact of clean water on urban and rural populations, and the most successful water management techniques in the region. The conclusion then highlights the recipe for developing sustainable water management in North Africa. This recipe includes the best ways to monitor progress and why decentralized water management is successful in delivering potable water.