National Review of U.S. Medical Education Curricula for Physical Activity-Related Content Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/undergraduate_thesis_or_projects/rx913r984

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  • Purpose To provide an update on the amount and type of physical activity education that occurs in medical education in the United States. Methods All accredited doctor of medicine (M.D., n = 141) and doctor of osteopathic medicine (D.O., n = 29) institutions were reviewed using their publicly accessible websites. Course names and descriptions were used to classify the courses into one of five content domains. The course delivery format was also recorded. Results The majority (51.7%) of institutions did not offer any physical activity-related courses in their curriculum. When such courses were offered they tended to be an elective (82.2%) rather than required (17.8%). Courses aimed at sports medicine (45%) or exercise physiology (40.9%) were the most common. The majority (84.5%) of these courses were taught using a clinical approach. No differences were observed between M.D. and D.O. institutions, or between private and public institutions. Conclusions Physical activity education is grossly absent from medical education curriculums. Over half of the physicians trained in the United States in 2013 received no formal training in physical activity and may, therefore, be ill-prepared to assist patients in a manner consistent with Healthy People 2020, the National Physical Activity Plan, or the Exercise is Medicine® initiative.
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