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Ice nucleation processes in upper tropospheric wave-clouds observed during SUCCESS

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dc.creator Jensen, E. J.
dc.creator Toon, O. B.
dc.creator Tabazadeh, A.
dc.creator Sachse, G. W.
dc.creator Andersen, B. E.
dc.creator Chan, K. R.
dc.creator Twohy, Cynthia
dc.creator Gandrud, Bruce W.
dc.creator Aulenbach, S. M.
dc.creator Heymsfield, Andrew J.
dc.creator Hallett, J.
dc.creator Gary, B.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-19T13:33:49Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-19T13:33:49Z
dc.date.issued 1998-05
dc.identifier.citation Jensen, E.J., Toon, O. B., Tabazadeh, A., Sachse, G. W., Anderson, B. E., Chan, K. R., Twohy, C. , Gandrud, B., Aulenbach, S. M., Heymsfield, A., Hallett, J., and Gary, B., 1998, Ice nucleation processes in upper tropospheric wave-clouds observed during SUCCESS: Geophys. Res. Lett., v. 25, p. 1,363-1,366. en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/15503
dc.description copyrighted by American Geophysical Union en
dc.description.abstract We have compared in situ measurements near the leading-edges of wave-clouds observed during the SUCCESS experiment with numerical simulations. Observations of high supersaturations with respect to ice (> 50%) near the leading edge of a very cold wave cloud (T < -60°C) are approximately consistent with recent theoretical and laboratory studies suggesting that large supersaturations are required to homogeneously freeze sulfate aerosols. Also, the peak ice crystal number densities observed in this cloud (about 4 cm¯³) are consistent with the number densities calculated in our model. In the warmer wave-cloud (T ~ -37°C) relatively large ice number densities were observed (20-40 cm¯³). Our model calculations suggest that these large number densities are probably caused by activation of sulfate aerosols into liquid droplets followed by subsequent homogeneous freezing. If moderate numbers of effective heterogeneous freezing nuclei (0.5-1cm¯³) had been present in either of these clouds, then the number densities of ice crystals and the peak relative humidities should have been lower than the observed values. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher American Geophysical Union en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Geophysical Research Letters en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Vol. 25 No. 9 (1998) en
dc.title Ice nucleation processes in upper tropospheric wave-clouds observed during SUCCESS en
dc.type Article en

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