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Agricultural policy and productivity: evidence from Brazilian censuses

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dc.creator Rada, Nicholas E.
dc.creator Buccola, Steven T.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-08-06T18:40:21Z
dc.date.available 2012-08-06T18:40:21Z
dc.date.issued 2012-07
dc.identifier.citation Rada, N. E., & Buccola, S. T. (2012). Agricultural policy and productivity: Evidence from brazilian censuses. Agricultural Economics, 43(4), 355-367. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-0862.2012.00588.x en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/31879
dc.description This is the publisher’s final pdf. The article is copyrighted by the International Association of Agricultural Economists and published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. It can be found at: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0169-5150. To the best of our knowledge, one or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work. en_US
dc.description.abstract Brazil's economic strategy has shifted hesitatingly during the last several decades from one of producer protection to trade competitiveness. Exploiting the variations these shifts have afforded, we use a sequence of decennial agricultural censuses to examine Brazilian policy implications for agricultural competitiveness and efficiency. Total factor productivity is decomposed into best-technology and efficiency elements, each subject to policy influence. We find technology growth, at 4.5% per annum, to have been extraordinarily high, particularly in the south. But because productivity among average producers has fallen rapidly behind that on the technical frontier, total productivity growth has been a much more modest 2.6% per year. Public agricultural research programs most benefit the country's technological leaders, widening the gap between frontier and average producer. Credit, education, and road construction policies instead narrow that gap. Credit and road programs especially enhance efficiency in the south, where efficiency losses have been greatest. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher John Wiley & Sons, Inc., en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Agricultural Economics en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Vol. 43 no. 4 en_US
dc.subject Brazilian agriculture en_US
dc.subject Embrapa en_US
dc.subject Input distance function en_US
dc.subject Stochastic frontier en_US
dc.subject Total factor productivity en_US
dc.subject Technical change en_US
dc.subject Efficiency en_US
dc.title Agricultural policy and productivity: evidence from Brazilian censuses en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/j.1574-0862.2012.00588.x

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