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Securing water for wetland conservation: A comparative analysis of policy options to protect a national nature reserve in China

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dc.creator Wu, Jian
dc.creator Wu, JunJie
dc.creator Wang, Xiaoxia
dc.creator Zhong, Ma
dc.date.accessioned 2012-09-24T18:31:52Z
dc.date.available 2012-09-24T18:31:52Z
dc.date.issued 2012-02
dc.identifier.citation Wu, J., Wu, J., Wang, X., & Zhong, M. (2012). Securing water for wetland conservation: A comparative analysis of policy options to protect a national nature reserve in china. Journal of Environmental Management, 94(1), 102-111. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.06.033 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/33820
dc.description This is the author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by Elsevier and can be found at: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-environmental-management/#description. en_US
dc.description.abstract This study evaluates four policy options to secure the water supply needed for wetland conservation in Qixinghe—a national wetland nature reserve in China—using four criteria: cost effectiveness, probability of success in achieving the water-saving goal, political feasibility, and farmer acceptance. This multi-criteria analysis framework reveals the ecological, economic, and socio-political trade-offs for policymakers when choosing among the four policy options. Results suggest that upgrading irrigation infrastructure in the area surrounding the wetland (Option I) is the most politically feasible option, but it is the second best option in terms of cost effectiveness. Constructing a dam to store and control floodwater (Option II) is the most reliable for achieving the water-saving goal. It is also the farmers’ most favored strategy. But this option is the least cost effective and receives little support from local governments. Promoting farmers’ adoption of water-saving practices (Option III) is the most cost effective, but it is less reliable for achieving the water-saving goal than Options I or II. Converting paddy crops to dry-land crops (Option IV) is politically infeasible and least reliable for achieving the water-saving goal. The overall ranking of the four options is determined using the policymakers’ revealed weights on the four criteria. Option I is ranked first, followed by Options II, III, and IV. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This study was supported by a research grant from the Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA). en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Environmental Management en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Vol. 94 no. 1 en_US
dc.subject Agricultural water use en_US
dc.subject Cost effectiveness en_US
dc.subject Multi-criteria decision making en_US
dc.subject Water resource management en_US
dc.subject Wetland conservation en_US
dc.title Securing water for wetland conservation: A comparative analysis of policy options to protect a national nature reserve in China en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.peerreview yes en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.06.033


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