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Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas

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dc.creator Laurance, William F.
dc.creator Useche, D. Carolina
dc.creator Rendeiro, Julio
dc.creator Kalka, Margareta
dc.creator Bradshaw, Corey J. A.
dc.creator Sloan, Sean P.
dc.creator Laurance, Susan G.
dc.creator Campbell, Mason
dc.creator Abernethy, Kate
dc.creator Alvarez, Patricia
dc.creator Arroyo-Rodriguez, Victor
dc.creator Ashton, Peter
dc.creator Benitez-Malvido, Julieta
dc.creator Blom, Allard
dc.creator Bobo, Kadiri S.
dc.creator Cannon, Charles H.
dc.creator Cao, Min
dc.creator Carroll, Richard
dc.creator Chapman, Colin
dc.creator Coates, Rosamond
dc.creator Cords, Marina
dc.creator Danielsen, Finn
dc.creator De Dijn, Bart
dc.creator Dinerstein, Eric
dc.creator Donnelly, Maureen A.
dc.creator Edwards, David
dc.creator Edwards, Felicity
dc.creator Farwig, Nina
dc.creator Fashing, Peter
dc.creator Forget, Pierre-Michel
dc.creator Foster, Mercedes
dc.creator Gale, George
dc.creator Harris, David
dc.creator Harrison, Rhett
dc.creator Hart, John
dc.creator Karpanty, Sarah
dc.creator Kress, W. John
dc.creator Krishnaswamy, Jagdish
dc.creator Logsdon, Willis
dc.creator Lovett, Jon
dc.creator Magnusson, William
dc.creator Maisels, Fiona
dc.creator Marshall, Andrew R.
dc.creator McClearn, Deedra
dc.creator Mudappa, Divya
dc.creator Nielsen, Martin R.
dc.creator Pearson, Richard
dc.creator Pitman, Nigel
dc.creator van der Ploeg, Jan
dc.creator Plumptre, Andrew
dc.creator Poulsen, John
dc.creator Quesada, Mauricio
dc.creator Rainey, Hugo
dc.creator Robinson, Douglas
dc.creator Roetgers, Christiane
dc.creator Rovero, Francesco
dc.creator Scatena, Frederick
dc.creator Schulze, Christian
dc.creator Sheil, Douglas
dc.creator Struhsaker, Thomas
dc.creator Terborgh, John
dc.creator Thomas, Duncan
dc.creator Timm, Robert
dc.creator Urbina-Cardona, J. Nicolas
dc.creator Vasudevan, Karthikeyan
dc.creator Wright, S. Joseph
dc.creator Arias-G, Juan Carlos
dc.creator Arroyo, Luzmila
dc.creator Ashton, Mark
dc.creator Auzel, Philippe
dc.creator Babaasa, Dennis
dc.creator Babweteera, Fred
dc.creator Baker, Patrick
dc.creator Banki, Olaf
dc.creator Bass, Margot
dc.creator Bila-Isia, Inogwabini
dc.creator Blake, Stephen
dc.creator Brockelman, Warren
dc.creator Brokaw, Nicholas
dc.creator Bruehl, Carsten A.
dc.creator Bunyavejchewin, Sarayudh
dc.creator Chao, Jung-Tai
dc.creator Chave, Jerome
dc.creator Chellam, Ravi
dc.creator Clark, Connie J.
dc.creator Clavijo, Jose
dc.creator Congdon, Robert
dc.creator Corlett, Richard
dc.creator Dattaraja, H. S.
dc.creator Dave, Chittaranjan
dc.creator Davies, Glyn
dc.creator Beisiegel, Beatriz de Mello
dc.creator da Silva, Rosa de Nazarepaes
dc.creator Di Fiore, Anthony
dc.creator Diesmos, Arvin
dc.creator Dirzo, Rodolfo
dc.creator Doran-Sheehy, Diane
dc.creator Eaton, Mitchell
dc.creator Emmons, Louise
dc.creator Estrada, Alejandro
dc.creator Ewango, Corneille
dc.creator Fedigan, Linda
dc.creator Feer, Francois
dc.creator Fruth, Barbara
dc.creator Willis, Jacalyn Giacalone
dc.creator Goodale, Uromi
dc.creator Goodman, Steven
dc.creator Guix, Juan C.
dc.creator Guthiga, Paul
dc.creator Haber, William
dc.creator Hamer, Keith
dc.creator Herbinger, Ilka
dc.creator Hill, Jane
dc.creator Huang, Zhongliang
dc.creator Sun, I. Fang
dc.creator Ickes, Kalan
dc.creator Itoh, Akira
dc.creator Ivanauskas, Natalia
dc.creator Jackes, Betsy
dc.creator Janovec, John
dc.creator Janzen, Daniel
dc.creator Jiangming, Mo
dc.creator Jin, Chen
dc.creator Jones, Trevor
dc.creator Justiniano, Hermes
dc.creator Kalko, Elisabeth
dc.creator Kasangaki, Aventino
dc.creator Killeen, Timothy
dc.creator King, Hen-biau
dc.creator Klop, Erik
dc.creator Knott, Cheryl
dc.creator Kone, Inza
dc.creator Kudavidanage, Enoka
dc.creator Ribeiro, Jose Lahoz da Silva
dc.creator Lattke, John
dc.creator Laval, Richard
dc.creator Lawton, Robert
dc.creator Leal, Miguel
dc.creator Leighton, Mark
dc.creator Lentino, Miguel
dc.creator Leonel, Cristiane
dc.creator Lindsell, Jeremy
dc.creator Ling-Ling, Lee
dc.creator Linsenmair, K. Eduard
dc.creator Losos, Elizabeth
dc.creator Lugo, Ariel
dc.creator Lwanga, Jeremiah
dc.creator Mack, Andrew L.
dc.creator Martins, Marlucia
dc.creator McGraw, W. Scott
dc.creator McNab, Roan
dc.creator Montag, Luciano
dc.creator Thompson, Jo Myers
dc.creator Nabe-Nielsen, Jacob
dc.creator Nakagawa, Michiko
dc.creator Nepal, Sanjay
dc.creator Norconk, Marilyn
dc.creator Novotny, Vojtech
dc.creator O'Donnell, Sean
dc.creator Opiang, Muse
dc.creator Ouboter, Paul
dc.creator Parker, Kenneth
dc.creator Parthasarathy, N.
dc.creator Pisciotta, Katia
dc.creator Prawiradilaga, Dewi
dc.creator Pringle, Catherine
dc.creator Rajathurai, Subaraj
dc.creator Reichard, Ulrich
dc.creator Reinartz, Gay
dc.creator Renton, Katherine
dc.creator Reynolds, Glen
dc.creator Reynolds, Vernon
dc.creator Riley, Erin
dc.creator Roedel, Mark-Oliver
dc.creator Rothman, Jessica
dc.creator Round, Philip
dc.creator Sakai, Shoko
dc.creator Sanaiotti, Tania
dc.creator Savini, Tommaso
dc.creator Schaab, Gertrud
dc.creator Seidensticker, John
dc.creator Siaka, Alhaji
dc.creator Silman, Miles R.
dc.creator Smith, Thomas B.
dc.creator de Almeida, Samuel Soares
dc.creator Sodhi, Navjot
dc.creator Stanford, Craig
dc.creator Stewart, Kristine
dc.creator Stokes, Emma
dc.creator Stoner, Kathryn E.
dc.creator Sukumar, Raman
dc.creator Surbeck, Martin
dc.creator Tobler, Mathias
dc.creator Tscharntke, Teja
dc.creator Turkalo, Andrea
dc.creator Umapathy, Govindaswamy
dc.creator van Weerd, Merlijn
dc.creator Rivera, Jorge Vega
dc.creator Venkataraman, Meena
dc.creator Venn, Linda
dc.creator Verea, Carlos
dc.creator de Castilho, Carolina Volkmer
dc.creator Waltert, Matthias
dc.creator Wang, Benjamin
dc.creator Watts, David
dc.creator Weber, William
dc.creator West, Paige
dc.creator Whitacre, David
dc.creator Whitney, Ken
dc.creator Wilkie, David
dc.creator Williams, Stephen
dc.creator Wright, Debra D.
dc.creator Wright, Patricia
dc.creator Xiankai, Lu
dc.creator Yonzon, Pralad
dc.creator Zamzani, Franky
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-05T00:58:43Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-05T00:58:43Z
dc.date.issued 2012-09-13
dc.identifier.citation Laurance, W. F., Alvarez, P., Estrada, A., Ewango, C., Fedigan, L., Feer, F., . . . . (2012). Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas. Nature, 489(7415), 290-290. doi: 10.1038/nature11318 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/34165
dc.description This is the publisher’s final pdf. The published article is copyrighted by Macmillan Publishers Limited and the Nature Publishing Group and can be found at: http://www.nature.com/nature/index.html. To the best of our knowledge, one or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work. en_US
dc.description.abstract The rapid disruption of tropical forests probably imperils global biodiversity more than any other contemporary phenomenon¹⁻³. With deforestation advancing quickly, protected areas are increasingly becoming final refuges for threatened species and natural ecosystem processes. However, many protected areas in the tropics are themselves vulnerable to human encroachment and other environmental stresses⁴⁻⁹. As pressures mount, it is vital to know whether existing reserves can sustain their biodiversity. A critical constraint in addressing this question has been that data describing a broad array of biodiversity groups have been unavailable for a sufficiently large and representative sample of reserves. Here we present a uniquely comprehensive data set on changes over the past 20 to 30 years in 31 functional groups of species and 21 potential drivers of environmental change, for 60 protected areas stratified across the world’s major tropical regions. Our analysis reveals great variation in reserve ‘health’: about half of all reserves have been effective or performed passably, but the rest are experiencing an erosion of biodiversity that is often alarmingly widespread taxonomically and functionally. Habitat disruption, hunting and forest-product exploitation were the strongest predictors of declining reserve health. Crucially, environmental changes immediately outside reserves seemed nearly as important as those inside in determining their ecological fate, with changes inside reserves strongly mirroring those occurring around them. These findings suggest that tropical protected areas are often intimately linked ecologically to their surrounding habitats, and that a failure to stem broad-scale loss and degradation of such habitats could sharply increase the likelihood of serious biodiversity declines. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The study was supported by James Cook University, the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, an Australian Laureate Fellowship (to W.F.L.) and NSF grant RCN-0741956. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Macmillan Publishers Limited en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Nature en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Vol. 489 no. 7415 en_US
dc.subject Environmental science en_US
dc.subject Ecology en_US
dc.title Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.peerreview yes en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1038/nature11318

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