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Molecular dynamics at constant temperature and pressure

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dc.contributor.advisor Jansen, Henry J. F.
dc.creator Decker, Mike W.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-07T19:49:00Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-07T19:49:00Z
dc.date.copyright 1995-11-02
dc.date.issued 1995-11-02
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/34907
dc.description Graduation date: 1996 en_US
dc.description.abstract Molecular dynamics is a technique in which the trajectories of a group of particles are calculated as a function of time by integrating the equations of motion. In this thesis we study the use of molecular dynamics for atoms in a crystal. A model is introduced which describes interactions of a physical system with an external heat reservoir in molecular dynamics simulations. This is accomplished by the addition of a "virtual variable" to the Hamiltonian which is used to scale time. Aspects of this model are discussed and examples are presented for a simple system. Similarly, a constant pressure model is introduced in which additional virtual volume variables are added to the Hamiltonian. The volume and shape of the molecular dynamics cell are now free to vary. Simple examples are discussed. Aspects of the computer programs and the algorithms are explained. Particular attention is focused on the methods used to integrate the equations of motion and to calculate the coulomb interactions. Examples of simulations using a zirconium oxide crystal are presented. We study the effects of heat bath and pressure bath simulations, both separately and in combination. Various features of the behavior are investigated with the primary focus on phase changes, numerical errors, and parameters describing the heat and pressure baths. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Molecular dynamics -- Computer simulation en_US
dc.title Molecular dynamics at constant temperature and pressure en_US
dc.type Thesis/Dissertation en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Science (M.S.) in Physics en_US
dc.degree.level Master's en_US
dc.degree.discipline Science en_US
dc.degree.grantor Oregon State University en_US
dc.description.digitization File scanned at 300 ppi (Monochrome) using ScandAll PRO 1.8.1 on a Fi-6670 in PDF format. CVista PdfCompressor 4.0 was used for pdf compression and textual OCR. en_US
dc.description.peerreview no en_us

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