Dicamptodon is the single, extant genus of the
ambystomatid subfamily Dicamptodontinae. Two species, D.
ensatus (Eschscholtz) and D. copei Nussbaum are recognized.
D. ensatus is found in the forested, mountain regions of
northwestern California and western Oregon, in the Willapa
Hills and Cascade Mountains of Washington, in extreme
Most higher plants have evolved with an obligatory symbiotic relationship with my corrhizal fungi. Epigeous mycorrhiza formers have their spores dispersed by air currents, but hypogeous mycorrhizal fungi are dependent upon small mammals as primary vectors of spore dissemination. Mammalian mycophagists defecate within the coniferous forest ecosystem, spreading the viable...