Because of their high cost, reducing the number of boards used to fill an
order of dimension parts is an important goal in a lumber rough mill. FLCO
(Fuzzy Logic Cutting Order) is a computer program that achieves this goal.
Using the concepts of fuzzy logic control, FLCO provides a...
We studied the feasibility of using end-grain characteristics to match individual boards and cants back to their parent Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) logs. After reviewing marking/reading and biometric automated identification systems, we focused on end-grain biometrics because they appear to have the most promise for sawmills. Biometric identification requires that every...
The timber shortage in the Pacific Northwest is forcing sawmill owners to
improve the competitiveness of their harvesting and processing
operations. A computer simulation and financial statement analysis were
used to compare the processing efficiency and profitability of three
bucking strategies: log cost minimization (traditional 40-foot preferred-length
logs); hauling length...
Sawmills are very complex systems that involve many manufacturing processes. The variability of their raw material adds further to this complexity as each log has characteristics that determine its processing path. Therefore, computer simulation is a very useful technique for analyzing sawmill performance. This thesis describes a simulation computer model...
Measurements on growth traits up to 41 years of age
from 68 progeny sites in eight first-generation breeding
zones of coastal Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii
[MIRB.] FRANCO var. menziesii) in the US Pacific Northwest
were used to investigate age trends of genetic parameters
and to determine optimum age of selection. Heritabilities...
Machine vision is widely used in scientific areas and non-wood using
industries, but the extreme variability of wood has limited its adoption by forest
products industries. However, it is now becoming a key factor in further automation
of the forest products industry. As a very important part of machine vision,...
Stable expression of transgenes is required for commercial uses of genetically engineered trees. To better understand the stability of transgene expression under field conditions, we studied transgene expression and RNA interference (RNAi)-induced transgene suppression in 2,480 transgenic poplars (460 transgene insertion events) over three years. Stability of expression was assessed...
We isolated and characterized the expression of two genes from Populus
trichocarpa that are homologous to the TERMINAL FLOWER 1 (TFL1) gene from
the model annual plant Arabidopsis. In Arabidopsis, overexpression of the TFL1
gene extends the vegetative growth phase, and the homozygous mutant tfl1 allele
causes early flowering and...