Flat, laminar, premixed hydrocarbon-air flames were stabilized
on a porous-plate burner. In addition to temperature profiles,
concentration profiles were measured for methane, ethane, ethylene,
propane, acetylene, propylene, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and
oxides of nitrogen. Dead space thickness, luminous flame zone
thickness and hydrocarbon disappearance point responses were also
The study of aldehydes in diesel exhaust is important because
of their relationship to diesel odor, to air pollution, and to the development
of a theory of combustion. Therefore, a study is made
of the low order aliphatic aldehydes using gas chromatography in
conjunction with standard wet chemical tests.
A hydraulic power-take-off was designed and built for outboard
engines typical of those used on small boats and Pacific City-type
dories. An associated hydraulic system was developed for use on
these boats to provide power for fishing machinery. The power for
each system was provided by a hydraulic pump direct-drive...
Past research has shown that automobile exhaust is composed
of a mixture of many different hydrocarbons and that some of these
hydrocarbons contribute more to the smog problem than others.
Natural gas has been proposed as an alternative to gasoline as a
motor fuel, and it was desired to confirm...
Oxides of nitrogen are a concern as effluents to atmospheres
because they participate in photochemical reactions which produce
smog, because they attenuate sunlight which gives the atmosphere a
reddish brown cast, and because of their toxic properties and the
health hazards associated with the photochemical products they produce.
The importance of automobile exhaust as a source of atmospheric pollutants has been recognized for several years. With the
control of stationary sources in geographic areas such as Los
Angeles County, the automobile has become the major uncontrolled
source of air pollution.
The three major pollutants emitted by automobiles are...
The capabilities of the Tektronix Model J2C/7J20 Rapid Scanning
Spectrometer for the determination of molecular species resulting from
Otto cycle combustion were experimentally investigated after a literature
search of the subject area. Combustion of hydrogen-air, carbon monoxideair,
and gasoline-air mixtures in the combustion chamber of a Cooperative
Fuel Research engine...
This thesis describes a Truck Performance Simulation Model developed
for use in a United States Department of Transportation university
research project entitled "The Energy, Economic and Environmental
Consequences of Increased Vehicle Size and Weight." The performance
of the truck is found by specifying its engine, driveline and tire