Prevalence of Exertional Rhabdomyolysis in Endurance Horses in the Pacific Northwestern United States Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/articles/fj2363854

This is an author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by The Equine Veterinary Journal Ltd., and published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. It can be found at:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1001/%28ISSN%292042-3306

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  • SUMMARY - REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER) is a reported syndrome in competing endurance horses; however the prevalence and cause of ER in this population has not been defined. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of ER in a sample of endurance racing horses, and to investigate factors, including relevant genetic defects, contributing to the occurrence of rhabdomyolysis in this group. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study METHODS: Riders of 101 horses participating in one of four 50 mile distance races completed a comprehensive questionnaire regarding the medical history, management and performance of their horse. Serum creatine kinase activity (CK) was measured before and four hours after completion of exercise. Hair samples were analysed by PCR for the R309H mutation in the glycogen synthase gene (GYS1) responsible for Type 1 polysaccharide storage myopathy (PSSM) and the C7360G mutation in the ryanodine receptor 1 (RYR1) gene causing malignant hyperthermia (MH). RESULTS: Samples were obtained from 68 Arabians, 20 half-Arabians, and 13 horses of other breeds. Serum CK was above the resting reference interval (145-633 U/L) in 38 horses after racing (median 883 U/L, range 658–3,739) but was compatible with values previously reported in apparently healthy endurance horses. Pathologic ER was suspected to occur in four horses with serum CK activities exceeding 10,000 U/L four hours after racing (median 84,825 U/L; range 10,846 - 381,790) including three Arabians and one half-Arabian horse. GYS1 and RYR1 mutations were not present in hair samples from any horses. CONCLUSIONS: Exertional rhabdomyolysis occurred at a prevalence of 4.0% in a sample of horses participating in 50 mile distance events, and all affected horses were Arabian or half-Arabian. POTENTIAL RELEVANCE: The cause of ER in the endurance horse population remains unknown; however, ER in competing Arabian endurance horses is unlikely to be due to Type 1 PSSM or MH.
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  • Wilberger, M. S., McKenzie, E. C., Payton, M. E., Rigas, J. D., & Valberg, S. J. (2015). Prevalence of exertional rhabdomyolysis in endurance horses in the Pacific Northwestern United States. Equine Veterinary Journal, 47(2), 165–170. doi:10.1111/evj.12255
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deanne Bruner(deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-09-21T23:53:26Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 McKenzieEricaVeterinaryMedicinePrevalenceExertionalRhabdomyolysisInEnduranceHorses.pdf: 355366 bytes, checksum: f5c048d944ae8281c002c71c2e5dfd6d (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deanne Bruner (deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2015-09-21T23:52:23Z No. of bitstreams: 1 McKenzieEricaVeterinaryMedicinePrevalenceExertionalRhabdomyolysisInEnduranceHorses.pdf: 355366 bytes, checksum: f5c048d944ae8281c002c71c2e5dfd6d (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-09-21T23:53:26Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 McKenzieEricaVeterinaryMedicinePrevalenceExertionalRhabdomyolysisInEnduranceHorses.pdf: 355366 bytes, checksum: f5c048d944ae8281c002c71c2e5dfd6d (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-03

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