Turning Points in the Development of the British Columbia Salmon Fishery Public Deposited

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  • As the British Columbia salmon fishery developed, the Canadian government, with constitutional responsibility for the resource, faced a number of critical turning points in management policy. In early years, partly for expediency, the allocation of fishing privileges often resulted in efficient levels of effort but little attempt was made to capture any rent generated. Later, usually because of political pressures, efficient solutions were abandoned and open access permitted, resulting in the need for detailed regulations and enforcement. Traps, an efficient means of capturing salmon, were first permitted in 1904 but political considerations never allowed their use beyond limited areas. The traps competed for fish with small boat fishers and often generated considerable profits for their operators. Granting exclusive area fishing privileges was also used as a management tool early in the fishery but later discontinued. Similarly, processors were at one time permitted to limit the number of fishers in an area but eventually this too was disallowed. The traps, exclusive fishing privileges, and restrictions on the number of fishers all limited effort, but also generated rents that were allowed to accrue to the holders of these rights, despite knowledge of the profits generated.
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  • Millerd, Frank. 2002. Turning Points in the Development of the British Columbia Salmon Fishery. In: Proceedings of the Eleventh Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, August 19-22, 2002, Wellington, New Zealand: Fisheries in the Global Economy. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2002. CD ROM.
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