Responsible shrimp farming in vietnam: call for promoting and strenthening community based management approaches Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/conference_proceedings_or_journals/r494vm43b

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  • Shrimp farming has been developing fast in Vietnam recently and is facing a number of challenges. These include environmental and socio-economic impacts, volatile international markets and current anti-dumping issues. This paper provides and analytical overview of major problems faced by the industry in Vietnam based on a literature review and experience gained under the UNDP-funded project VIE/97/030 "Environmental management in coastal aquaculture". The dominant characteristic of shrimp farming is its small-scale nature, based mainly on individual households. Development of shrimp farming has occurred through unplanned expansion in terms of number of farms, households, farming area, and - more recently - farming intensification. Traditional practices met constraints in meeting product quality standards in domestic and foreign markets. Demonstration under the project revealed that community-based management is an important way to bring farmers together to adopt responsible farming practices, and improve standards for quality shrimp production. Factors contributing to success of the management approach include: (1) farming communities' willingness to cooperate and provide labour; (2) development of management plans reflecting the practical needs of and benefits for the community; (3) building the capacity of key members; (4) integrating community activities into the state management network. Shrimp farming is very important to Vietnam. For responsible development we recommend that the government should promote and strengthen community-based management approaches. A legal policy document for community-based shrimp farmer management should be developed in order to provide specific guidelines for and delegate rights to local authorities and farmers.
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  • Nhuong, Tran Van. 2004. Responsible shrimp farming in vietnam: call for promoting and strenthening community based management approaches. In: Proceedings of the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 20-30, 2004, Tokyo, Japan: What are Responsible Fisheries? Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2004. CD ROM. ISBN 0-9763432-0-7
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