Artisanal fishing in the Galapagos Public Deposited

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  • El Archipielago de Colon, more commonly known as the Galapagos Islands, is a province of Ecuador located about 600 miles off the coast of South America. It consists of approximately 45 volcanic islands (15 major and 30 minor) plus scores of smaller islets and rocks. The total land area is 7,882 square kilometers, with a coastline longer than that of continental Ecuador (1,366 kilometers). Ecuador exercises complete sovereignty over a 200-mile territorial sea, measured from delineated baselines off the continental and insular shores. In the Galapagos Islands, the archipelagic baseline is formed by straight lines connecting the outermost islands of Darwin, Genovesa, San Cristobal, Espanola, Floreana, Isabela and Fernandina. The marine area, within this baseline is considered to be interior waters. Traditionally targeted organisms in the interior waters of the Galapagos Islands include the red and blue spiny lobster, and various types of grouper uniformly classified as “white fish†. More contemporary fisheries include the mostly illicit trade in black coral, shark fin, and sea cucumber, the newly opened bill-fish sport fishery; and a recent focus on the capture of large tuna outside the baseline of the marine reserve for commercial export. The capture of any other organism within the GMRR is prohibited. However, the capture and trade of sea cucumber and shark fin are still occurring, especially around Isabela, regardless of the prohibitions on such activity.
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  • Anderson, Lee G., Tracey L. Wiley. 1996. Artisanal fishing in the Galapagos. Peer Review: No. In: Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 1-4, 1996, Marrakech, Morocco. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2002. CD ROM.
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