Runup kinematics on a natural beach Public Deposited

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  • Runup kinematics on a gently sloping natural beach are examined with detailed measurements from video images, resistance wires deployed at five elevations (between 5 and 25 cm) above and parallel to the beach face, and pressure sensors located in the inner surf zone. As suggested in a previous study comparing a single-level resistance wire and manually digitized films, runup measurements are sensitive to the sensor elevation above the bed, owing to the elongated shape of the runup tongue. The measured mean runup elevation (setup) and vertical excursion increase as the sensor elevation decreases, with the video-based runup estimates having the maximum means and variances. For the six data runs the average ratios of the video-based setup and significant runup excursion to estimates based on wires elevated 15 cm above the bed are 2.7 and 1.5, respectively. These trends, combined with the high coherence and small phase difference between the video and the lowest wire, demonstrate that the video-based estimates correspond to a very near-bed (less than a few centimeters elevation) wire measurement. The measured increase in runup excursion with decreasing sensor elevation and the cross-shore variation in the amplitudes of pressure fluctuations at infragravity frequencies, are consistent with the theory for linear, inviscid, normally incident standing waves. For example, valleys in the pressure spectra occur at approximately the predicted standing wave nodal frequencies. Also in accord with small-amplitude wave theory , observed swash excursions are nearly identical to pressure fluctuations at the location of the measured runup mean (for pressure sensors located seaward of the most offshore bed-level rundown). However, at very low frequencies, where reflection is typically assumed complete and dissipation negligible, the observed, near-bed swash magnitudes are overamplified relative to best fit of the linear standing wave model based on the amplitude and phase of the seaward observations.
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  • Holland, K., B. Raubenheimer, R. Guza, and R. Holman (1995), Runup kinematics on a natural beach, J. Geophys. Res., 100(C3), 4985-4993.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-05-10T20:54:58Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Holland et al JGR 1995.pdf: 1713607 bytes, checksum: c4ea366088e26419056dc6d1d1de574b (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2010-05-10T20:54:58Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Holland et al JGR 1995.pdf: 1713607 bytes, checksum: c4ea366088e26419056dc6d1d1de574b (MD5) Previous issue date: 1995-03-15
  • description.provenance : Submitted by David Moynihan (dmscanner@gmail.com) on 2010-05-03T20:55:05Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Holland et al JGR 1995.pdf: 1713607 bytes, checksum: c4ea366088e26419056dc6d1d1de574b (MD5)

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