Quantitative gas chromatographic analysis of synthetic dairy culture flavors Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/2227ms210

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  • The development of synthetic culture flavors for use in dairy products such as sour cream, cottage cheese, butter, and buttermilk has created the need for a rapid quantitative analysis for the synthetic flavor concentrates. An internal standard gas chromatographic method has been developed which is capable of +10% accuracy for each flavor compound in single sample analyses. The separation of water, acetaldehyde, dimethyl sulfide, acetic acid, diacetyl, propylene glycol, and acetone (the internal standard) was performed with a column consisting of a 1/8 inch OD section of stainless steel tubing 10 feet in length packed with 120-150 mesh Porapak Q plus a stainless steel precolumn 1/8 inch OD and 10 inches in length packed with 120-150 mesh Porapak R. The column was operated isothermally at 155°C with a flow rate of 44 ml per min of nitrogen carrier gas. A flame ionization detector was used. In the course of the investigation, Porapak Q (available from Waters Associates Inc., Framingham, Mass.) was evaluated. The optimum mesh size under the conditions employed was the 120-150 mesh range. The efficiency of Porapak Q columns, as reflected by the number of theoretical plates per foot for n-propanol and the resolution of n-propanol and iso-propanol, was found to increase when the column diameter was increased from 1/16 inch OD to 1/8 inch OD to 1/4 inch OD.
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