Plowzone archaeology : the analysis of site 35JA85, Jackson County, Oregon Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/6969z489r

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  • In 1976, cultural resource technicians for the Rogue River National Forest located a prehistoric archaeological site, 35JA85, while performing a survey for the proposed J. Herbert Stone Nursery. The site, situated next to Jackson Creek in the Bear Creek Valley southwestern Oregon, is approximately three miles northwest of Medford, and three miles northeast of Jacksonville. The site, which was contained within the plowzone, was surface collected to obtain as much archaeological information as possible before the site was destroyed by construction activities associated with the proposed nursery. In 1981, Oregon State University analyzed the information recovered from the site. The analysis was performed with two purposes in mind: to learn as much as possible about the aboriginal occupants of the site, and to determine what contributions plowzone sites can make towards achieving archaeological goals. Towards this end, the artifacts recovered were placed into inferred functional categories. Based on these categories (and on environmental factors), it appears that the site was used primarily for plant food processing and lithic reduction. A lack of diagnostic artifacts made dating the site impossible. The spatial distributions of the artifacts were plotted by category. Four large clusters of artifacts became apparent; it is hypothesized that two of these clusters represent habitation areas, one a lithic reduction work area, and one a work area with unidentifiable activates. Based on this analysis, it is concluded that plowzone sites can yield enough information to allow archaeologists to define the internal structure of this type of disturbed site.
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