A computational model for resonantly coupled alpha free-piston Stirling Coolers Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/6h440w35p

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  • A computational model for a resonantly coupled alpha free-piston Stirling cooler is presented. The cooler consists of two isothermal working spaces for compression and expansion connected by a regenerator consisting of a stack of narrow parallel channels. The regenerator is assumed to have a linear temperature distribution along its axial direction and the working fluid is taken as an ideal gas. Control volume analysis is adapted in this model, in which each of the components of the cooler is considered a separate control volume. The compression piston is given a predetermined motion to provide the work needed by the cooler. The expansion piston and the gas trapped between the piston and the walls of the expansion cylinder are modeled as a mass, spring, and damper system. The motion of the compression piston generates a pressure difference across the cooler, and forces the working fluid to pass through the regenerator. The expansion piston responds to the pressure in its space according to Newton's second law of motion. The motion of the expansion piston is governed by the forces originating from the pressure and the cold side gas spring and dash-pot. In this way the dynamics of the moving pistons are coupled to the thermodynamics of the cooler system. A definition for the coefficient of performance (COP) that considers the heat transfer by conduction through the material making up the regenerator is introduced. This definition of the COP reflects the dependence of the cooler's performance on the length of the regenerator. From a systematic variation of this regenerator length, an optimal value can be found for a given set of operating parameters. Conservation laws of mass, momentum and energy along with ideal gas relations are used to form a set of equations fully describing the motion of the pistons and the thermal state of the cooler. A marching-in-time technique with a Runge-Kutta scheme of the fourth order is adapted to integrate the equation of motion. The plots of the motion of the pistons, the pressure-volume diagrams of the workspaces and the COP plots are provided to describe the cooler behavior.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Patricia Black(patricia.black@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-09-17T18:45:06Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Al-HazmyMajedMuallaH1999.pdf: 4508848 bytes, checksum: dedeb9768b000d23b5d3583f1fe04291 (MD5)
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